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Open Source and Patents: Defensive Publishing Costs Research

This page is our research results for Defensive Publishing options and costs. We are an open source organization but the information is usable by anyone.

For those that are interested, we have also created pages that describe exactly what copyrightstrademarks, and patenting are and exactly how each relate to open source and our specific open source goals. The following images link to these pages:

Copyrights 200px Image, Copyrights and Open Source, One Community Open-source-and-Trademarks---200-px Open-source-and-Patents---200-px

Our Primary Objective for this Page

We want to share the least expensive sources to publish data to meet the “minimum documentation” standards so we can open source things permanently, legally, and without needing to patent them… preempting the patent process as discussed on this open source guide we’ve created:

We want to evolve this page with what is learned so others can use it. When the research below is complete, we will be able to make an official recommendation on the most affordable options(s) for Defensive Publishing. This will create the only open source guide in the world to Defensive Publishing and that is HUGE!

To accomplish all this, we want to know the actual COST to publish in different journals.

How to Locate the Publishing Cost

Some journals will not actually say what it costs to publish with them. They either want you to make an account, or they want you to pay a subscription fee to even receive information from them.

A good example of a website that actually does tell us the cost to publish with them is:

The core list of websites officially accepted for the ‘minimum documentation’ requirements under rule 34 1(B)(III) of the regulations under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is below.

What you will do is go through each website on this list and search the site for any “publish with us,” “author resources,” “Author guide” or related information that would lead to an actual price that you could record. We’ve been through about 40 different sites from this list (about 20% of the list), as shown below.

What to Look For

  • On the side of each publication you will see a column of letters. “A” represents the publication number, “B” the title of the publication, “C” the address, etc.
  • The first thing to look for is in letter “F” – the language. If the language is anything other than “en” (for English) completely disregard it. Also disregard any multiple language publications; for instance, one might be marked as “en, jp, fr,” which would mean that it is available in English, Japanese, and French.
  • Secondly, look under “H” – if the website has a “.org” or “,” “,” or a “,” etc., it is an organization and most likely a peer-reviewed journal which would make it very difficult to get anything published as it takes a long time and there is an inherent bias towards people who have a strong academic background (i.e. they won’t just take anything).
  • Lastly, look under “C” – if the publication is published by any sort of society or institute it is also most likely an academic journal. It is better if the publisher is a media company of some sort instead.

Our goal is to find publications that will take unsolicited material from anyone for a fee. A really good example of such a publication would be Popular Science:

A – 219
B – Popular Science
C – Time 4 Media, Inc. 2 Park Avenue, NY 10016, USA * media company
D – Pop. sci.
E – 0161-7370
F – en * English language
G – 1994
H – * Not an organization

That said, Popular Science does not list cost details we could find. It was a good candidate to search, but we couldn’t find the cost details so we just listed it below with “cost details not available.”


Research for this is developing on this Google Doc:


Strikethrough means there’s nothing that you could find about the price and/or the link doesn’t work. For any prices you do find, simply add them after the URL and leave the URL the same. If it’s easier for you, you can add the numbers that you check in between the numbers listed above and go through them like that. Otherwise, list them below.

Things to Be Aware Of When Researching

If the link doesn’t work, try removing the ‘www.’ portion. Also, try removing everything except the root domain name… for example, would become .

Be aware that any links that you try to copy and paste from the resource PDF will most likely not fully copy with all of its contents. This is extremely important! You want to make sure you are getting the full URL given in the resource list. If it still doesn’t work, then do the process in the above paragraph.